Civilization was founded on agriculture 10,000 years ago and it’s as important today as ever.
According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, at the start of the new millennium, 42 percent of all human beings (or 2.57 billion people) depended on agriculture.
For most countries rapid economic growth followed by poverty reduction has either preceded or accompanied by agricultural growth.
A 2008 World Bank report indicates that of the 70 percent of the world’s poor who live in rural areas, agriculture is the main source of income and employment. This means improving agriculture will lead to a more decent standard of living in most communities in the world.
According to the World Bank, agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa’s labour force and accounts for 32 percent of gross domestic product.
Yet, African farm yields are among the lowest in the world.
Further, a 2013 FAO report indicates that Sub-Sahara Africa has the highest percentage of undernourished people.
The impact to agriculture is expected to increase partly due to climate change. Many parts of Africa are already experiencing the problem climate change impacting water and agriculture.